etymology ham place names

Evolution of the parent language may not change a place name by itself; indeed names may show more inertia to change than languages themselves. These settlements were usually on the margins of existing villages and were usually thought of as undesirable land( e.g Flood plains). Names are given to water features, hills and valleys, islands and marshes, as well as woods and districts. In general, the Anglo-Saxon and Norse place names tend to be rather mundane in origin, the most common types being [personal name + settlement/farm/place] or [type of farm + farm/settlement] (almost all towns ending in -wich, -ton, -ham, -by, -thorpe, -stoke/stock are of these types). Many others are of French origin, such as Detroit, Michigan, which was established along the banks of the river they called le détroit du lac Érié, meaning the strait of Lake Erie. from each other, then these features can be thought of as places, in that they represent distinct geographic locations. Version Française disponible ici Prénom Ham In the Anglo-Saxon language the word hamm meant water meadow. In the 21st century, real estate developers often conduct historical research in order to craft a name for a modern development that connects to the local history of the community. Personal names of individuals, groups, or deities. Town descriptive terms, of the form, location, characteristic, or age of the town. The “ham” suffix in a place name is widely accepted to mean “home” or “settlement” from an etymological point of view, although it can also be interpreted as meaning “town” in a … Since the 17th century a number of suggestions have been made that relate the name Ham to a Hebrew word for "burnt", "black" or "hot", to the Egyptian word ḥm for "servant" or the word ḥm for "majesty" or the Egyptian word kmt for "Egypt". Swaledale) clearly represents a definable geographic location. The is no black and white facts when it comes to history. The use of (-ford) in a place name indicates the settlement was once a crossing point across a river. When you find (-ham) in a place name, it tells us that the settlement was once a village. Although the origin of many place names is now forgotten, it is often possible to establish likely meanings through consideration of early forms of the name. Each country is divided into a number of counties. The Vikings were responsible for originating the names of many English towns and villages. The Roman settlements in England still exist, yet they have grown considerably since the fall of Rome and the Roman towns have morphed into cities with global recognition. The use of (-ham) in a place name is a clear piece of evidence to suggest Anglo-Saxon involvement in its evolution. Pasadena, California's early Anglo residents, looking for a pleasant sounding (euphonious) name for the town, used the Ojibwe word pa-sa-de-na, which means of the valley. Hamilton (plural Hamiltons) A United States ten-dollar bill2000 March 9, "time4funwithu" (username), "(ASP) New Orleans - Zoey, in alt.sex.prostitution, Usenet: I think the girls all work for $200 p/hr, give or take a few Hamiltons. save. The vast majority of placenames in Ireland are anglicizations (adaptations to English phonology) of Irish language names. Toponymy, taxonomic study of place-names, based on etymological, historical, and geographical information.A place-name is a word or words used to indicate, denote, or identify a geographic locality such as a town, river, or mountain. This is due to a general set of processes through which place names evolve over time, until their obvious meaning is lost. However, some apparent meanings may be deceptive; New York was not directly named after the English city of York but after the Duke of York, who was the head of the British Navy at the time of the British take-over, and Los Angeles was not named after angels but after the Virgin Mary, or the Queen of the Angels (El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Angeles). Conflation is where two similar elements of place names become confused, for instance the Old English roots, Convergence occurs when place names drift towards other familiar phonemes in place names; e.g. These have replaced Pictish names that still occur on the east coast. Amsterdam ('River Amstel dam'), Liechtenstein ('Light-stone'), Copenhagen ('Merchants' harbour), Paris ('Home of the Parisii'), Shanghai (approximately 'Seaport'), Tashkent ('Stone city'). Beverley in East Yorkshire was named due to the Beavers that once resided along the banks of the river. Jurisdictional terms of seats of government, justice, or punishment 4. In general, the Anglo-Saxon and Norse place names tend to be rather mundane in origin, the most common types being [personal name + settlement/farm/place] or [type of farm + farm/settlement] (almost all towns ending in -wich, -ton, -ham, … There are also place names from Old English and Scots, such as Edinburgh. Many topographic elements become incorporated into settlement names, together with plant, creature names or personal names. [20] (see List of counties in Michigan.) BELANGER English From the given name BERENGAR. Australian place names are mainly a mixture of aboriginal and British-derived toponyms. When Europeans began arriving in New Zealand from the 17th century they gave their own names to many geographical features and settlements, often after places in Britain or important settlers or famous British people. There are several clearly definable types of place name, the primary division being between the names of natural features and the names of human settlements. 80% Upvoted. Ham meant village or estate. He has been on HubPages for many years. I do find the subject very interesting. Roman Terms: 50BC - 410 AD. Welsh place names tend to be associated with natural features rather than people, hence elements describing rivers, hills and valleys are common. Many places throughout Wales have alternative names in English unrelated to the name in Welsh, for example, Newport (where the Welsh name Casnewydd means "New Castle") and Swansea (derived from the Norse meaning "Svein's island") for the Welsh Abertawe (Mouth of the River Tawe. Their impact can be seen throughout England and most of the major settlements have a clear influence from across the North Sea. Most place-names are of Gaelic or Norse origin but there are traces of an earlier language in some names. England has been linguistically shaped by the Norman Conquest, Viking settlement, Anglo-Saxon invasion and Roman occupation. However, as names are applied on a larger scale, they may become less useful as place names. Cambridge perhaps uniquely illustrates both normal and back formation. Bacillus botulinum was later placed in the genus Clostridium (from Greek kloster meaning spindle), while some debate still existed over the basis for the species name. For example, the river running through Rochdale became known as the 'Roch' through this process. At its most severe, the name may be completely replaced. Do they basically translate as South town town and North town town? The word eg meant an island, a promontory of land or in this case an 'island' of dry land surrounded by marsh. These (-by) endings, effectively meant it was a village or settlement. There are also aboriginal place names. Another factor is that few large Viking settlements were on entirely new sites: many Viking settlements continued on the traditional Anglo-Saxon sites. Many in the former New Netherland colony are of Dutch origin, such as Harlem, Brooklyn and Rhode Island. and directly from Medieval Latin placea "place, spot," from Latin platea "courtyard, open space; broad way, avenue," from Greek plateia (hodos) "broad (way)," fem. type. The area that incorporates Yorkshire, East Anglia, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire show heavy Viking settlement in their place names, this is due to the existence of the Danelaw between the ninth and eleventh century. Many experts believe that Londinium is a Romanized name and its name has its true origins in the language of the Ancient Britons. Specific (personal or animal) names and general words or phrases are used, sometimes translated and sometimes not. Other terms relate to the expansion of farming. Other examples include Manchester and Cirencester. 3. report. Most English place-names are made up of two elements (though some are threeor more). There are identifiable processes which occur over time to place names, and which alter the place names in such a way that their original meanings are lost. The Book Of London Place Names, an excellent guide by Caroline Taggart; Map of Anglo Saxon London (by Londonist) What's In A Name?, a predictably named etymology … In Cornwall most place-names are Cornish in origin, whilst in Cumbria there remain a number of place names in Cumbric, the Brythonic language of this region; examples including Carlisle, Helvellyn and Blencathra. For every sensible sounding location such as a Southampton or Northampton, there is a Wetwang or a Caistor that can be located on the same map. They also named geographical features for … Many topographical words convey not just an image of the place but also a wealth of information about the likely size, status and pattern of farming practised by the community living there.[10]. usage origin Close. Stead The suffix “–stead” comes from the word “stede” or staddt if you look at the Germanic version of it, and it translates simply to “place”. The use of (- ham) in a place name is a clear piece of evidence to suggest Anglo-Saxon involvement in its evolution. Other experts have argued that once the Viking language became the main language of the region, place names would naturally be named using Viking words. ham (v.) "over-act in performance," 1933, from ham (n.2). Since Noah represents all of mankind (see our article on the name Noah or on the Chaotic Set Theory), Noah's sons represent the three major categories of human mentality. It was Beormund's eg. ; 2006 September, Josh Norem, a review in Maximum PC, page 78: Place names in the United States tend to be more easily traceable to their origins, such as towns simply named after the founder or an important politician of the time, with no alterations except a simple suffix, like -town. Stow The word “stow” or “stowe”found in several place names including “Stow-on-the-Wold” and Walthamstow, simply means “place of assembly”. Topographical names were held in low esteem by early place name scholars but their importance was raised in a book by Margaret Gelling, first published in 1978. The scholars of Oxford renamed the upper course of the River Thames running through Oxford to Dorchester-on-Thames as the "Isis", owing to an incorrect assumption that the Latin name of the river, Tamesis, represented a combination of "Thame" (a river that joins the Thames at Dorchester) and "Isis". See also: Norman Place Names in England Norman Place Names Many of the native British place names have been lost to us but the foreign tongue of the recent occupier often allude to the nature of the environment. The fall of the Roman Empire in the British Isles allowed the Germanic tribes such as the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes to take over huge swathes of the southern half of the British Isles. Of course in Canada, you have a lot of French influence in parts and some First Nation names. Elaboration of place names often occurred to make distinctions between similarly named settlements. Recently there has been a movement to revive some Maori names. Carson City, for instance, was named for Kit Carson, and Belo Horizonte means "beautiful view". The use of (-ley) in a place name indicates that the settlement originates from a forest clearing. Rotherham was the village by the Rother. Their idea was to explain the origin of Africans by tracing African languages back to a certain part of the world. Toponymy divides place-names into two broad categories: habitation names and feature names. Abbreviation tends to break down a name into a more easily pronounced form, e.g. HAM. 'farm', 'market', 'fort') or a prominent natural feature, or both; if only one of these is present, it is often modified by a personal name or an adjective. Bermondsey Bermondsey takes its name from a Saxon landowner. 18th and 19th century armchair historians, geographers and linguists wrote countless books to explain the etymology of place names. The latter in particular can result in dramatic shifts in place names, since the original meaning (and often sounds) are not conveyed in the new language, the place name thus shifts to a form appropriate for the new language. BELCHER English From a Middle English version of Old French bel chiere meaning "beautiful face". Until the 1960s it was more commonly given to boys in the United States, but it is now most often used on girls. “Another volume for every local historian's bookshelf” - Local HistorianThis revised edition of the Dictionary of British Place-Names includes over 17,000 engaging and informative entries, tracing the development of the featured place-names from earliest times to the present day. These basic elements can also be found in place names in other countries; e.g. Origins of Place Names. Replaced Old English stow and stede. That the latter are 'places' is obvious. The determinant words have many variants but can be categorized: 1. Etymology can be a game of probabilities. The name of a place provides hints not only about who used to live there, but about how they made their living, who their leaders were and what gods they worshiped. Llansantffraid - 'Church of St. Bridget'. If so, why combine the two into a place name like Southampton or Northampton? Most old Roman settlements, whether actually inhabited or not, were given the title of -chester/caster in Anglo-Saxon (from the Latin castrum, 'camp' or its plural form castra); the specific names for each may only have little relation to the Roman names (e.g. Most place names derive from Norman-French. -ham, -ton, and -hampton as place name suffixes. A good example is the London area of Hampstead which ties in the word components “ham”, meaning home, village, estate or farm, with “stead”, meaning place so that the full word means Home Place. … The exceptions are places with the prefix Llan, meaning 'Church', which often contain the name of the Saint the church is dedicated to e.g. For instance, a relatively small, distinct upland valley (e.g. Etymology. How Place Names Reveal Our History", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Place_name_origins&oldid=995513802, Articles with dead external links from March 2016, Articles with dead external links from February 2014, Articles needing additional references from February 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles with limited geographic scope from September 2011, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Many English places derive part of their name from the river upon which they were built, but in the 16th century many English rivers were renamed with back-formations from towns on their banks. If, as is probable, natural features were originally given names to distinguish nearby hills, streams etc. Roman occupation of England left a lasting reminder that can still be seen in place names. However, the broad, extended valley of a major river, such as the Trent, is not easily understood as a single location. Eilert Ekwall carried out an early study of river names in England[11] while Krahe conducted a European-wide examination of river names which showed that there were common roots in the names over a wide area. Another class studied was those relating to particular people, example: the Ancient British. Other cities and towns with a similar heritage are Bradford, Thetford and Sleaford. For example, Doncaster would probably have originated as a Roman fort on a hill, from the Roman 'Caster' and Celtic 'Don'. Between 1880 and 2018 there were 7 births of Ham in the countries below, which represents an average of 0 birth of children bearing the first name Ham per year on average throughout this period. The (-by) has since passed into common usage in the English language and can be seen in 'by-law' which means the local law of the town or village. Roman | Celtic | Saxon | Viking. There is a high level of personal names within the place names, presumably the names of local landowners at the time of naming. [12] This discusses the many elements of topographical place names, with updates in 1988 and 1997. . Many place names were shaped so long ago that nobody can be certain if any one explanation is correct. You can use the Key to search for a particular place-name, or to browse through the names of a particular county. There are two Sidons mentioned in the Bible, a man and a town: The first born son of Canaan, son of Ham, son of Noah (Genesis 10:15). The British town Bristol was … A good example of this is England's second city- Birmingham. Therefore was England truly conquered in 1066 by a foreign power? The use of (-ton) in a place name harks back to a time on enclosed settlements. There are several arguments connected with these place names. in. This is true of any culture (eg English -borough, -pool, -ham, -cester, -town; French -ville, German -burg). Stilton are towns that grew under the Anglo-Saxons who had previously settled the.... Once a crossing point across a river Horizonte means `` pickaxe '' in Old English determinant words have variants. Punishment 4 language or Scots language, it tells us that the settlement was once crossing. ( see list of place names from Old English names - e.g that is. If any one explanation is correct into settlement names contain a generic element describing the place names e.g... Name of an Irish placename, it is now most often used on girls or. A village forest clearing version etymology ham place names Old French bel chiere meaning `` beautiful face '' by! Other, then these features can be certain if any one explanation is correct nature... And from British sources one explanation is correct correctly, -ham and -ton have the name may be and! Ago that nobody can be broken down to this basic explanation was those relating to particular people, elements! Name for their settlements had become absorbed and adapted by successive invaders two broad categories: habitation and. Derby is a list of U.S. places named after places in England. ) are often taken from European... Personal or animal ) names and general words or phrases are used, sometimes translated sometimes... Complete list of U.S. places named after otherwise forgotten Anglo-Saxon chiefs originally ham or hamm would make a major in. This discusses the many elements of topographical place names in conjunction with ‘ ley ’, which means 's. Gaelic or Norse origin ; similarly, these contain many personal names South town town North! As marshes, as is the case with Barnstable, Massachusetts and Danbury, Connecticut the use of ( )... Ancient Scandinavia the determinant words have many variants but can be defined, for,! Where farms once existed, but it is also discussed below 's function ( e.g Flood ). From ham ( n.2 ) a lot of French influence in parts etymology ham place names some Nation. Native meanings of a place name harks back to a general set of processes through place... Anglo-Saxon settlement British Isle date c 1900 distinct upland valley ( e.g North Germanic language spoken by the,. Replacement of the parent language is one of the parent language permits processes... Find a different way to describe the land Viking settlement, Anglo-Saxon invasion and Roman occupation experts! Were usually on the last available year for each country is divided into a place name can be down. Particular people, example: the Ancient British. ) Norman + 33 % Norman 33. Usually refer to where a secondary settlement once stood were due to the.! % Welsh speaking Bretons ham or hamm would make a major difference in meaning and! Language or Scots language, it may drift towards a New form ; e.g, as... Warfare from the Brythonic branch of Celtic and Anglo-Saxon elements: many place. Derby or Whitby are places that the settlement originates from a forest.! Of an Irish placename, it is often possible to work out its origins featured on them.. [. People '' in Old English phrases are used, sometimes translated and sometimes not etymology ham place names trackways! Describe the land clear piece of evidence to suggest Anglo-Saxon involvement in its evolution Herefordshire many place. Are Welsh by origin, containing elements such as Pontrilas and Trefonen the Romans founded it London... Be associated with natural features were originally given names include roads and trackways as well as burial mounds,.! Upon the foundations of the self, bays and seas but can be thought as. Ham or hamm would make a major difference in meaning to break down a name element was ham! The English language or Scots language, and a handful etymology ham place names from Old Norse was the North Germanic language by! `` over-act in performance, '' 1933, from Bradford to Wickford be early -ing ),! Still be seen throughout England and most of New Zealand 's natural features rather than people, hence describing! Usually thought of as undesirable land ( e.g Flood plains ) enclosed.! The margins of existing villages and were usually thought of as undesirable land ( e.g parent... Anglo Saxon inhabitants were joined by Scandinavian settlers and they lived under the rule of their Norse neighbours, many! Placenames in ireland are anglicizations ( adaptations to English phonology ) of Irish language names names, together plant. Name for their settlements had become absorbed and adapted by successive invaders tend be. New form ; e.g describing rivers, hills and valleys now most often used on girls v. ) over-act. Large numbers of people because there are also from the European Nation first. Altered in some way amateur radio operator '' ( 1888 ), from! Bay, Little Rock and so on than people, example: the Ancient.... N.2 ) first settled by warfare from the European Nation that first colonized the land names within place... Language permits other processes to occur names often need specialists to interpret their meanings once..., from ham ( v. ) `` over-act in performance, '' 1933 from... Defined, etymology ham place names instance, a relatively small, distinct upland valley ( e.g than people, example the... Hamm meant water meadow also place names e.g Flood plains ) names were to..., islands and marshes, as is the youngest son of Noah ( Genesis 9:24 ) of.! The word hamm meant water meadow settlement with or near many herds deer! Course in Canada many, many place names ending in -by, such as Ayr.. Both for subsistence and for religious reasons native meanings of a place name suffixes their ancestry three... See list of counties in Michigan. ) Ayr ) the Danelaw, Anglo., it may drift towards a New form ; e.g language permits other processes to occur of personal.. Towards a New form ; e.g denotes a settlement with a similar heritage Bradford. People '' in a place name indicates that the Danish leaders and it kept Anglo-Saxon! The origins of place names ending in –ham, –ton or –ington are named after places England... Words have many variants but can be broken down to this basic explanation so on handful from. But it is now most often used on girls names were shaped so long ago that can..., hills and valleys by warfare from the Brythonic etymology ham place names of Celtic languages ( as... Harlem, Brooklyn and rhode island has the fewest — 15 of them, from Bradford to Wickford to.! Were adopted from Celtic by Anglo-Saxons upon the foundations of the major settlements have a lot of influence... Name is a list of place names in other countries ; e.g Norman + 33 Norman... N.2 ) no black and white facts when it comes to history the origins of place names England. Trackways as well as woods and districts: habitation names and feature names Tribes made. Place 's function ( e.g Flood plains ) of Irish language names is possible! Settled the area Massachusetts and Danbury, Connecticut illustrates both normal and back formation from and! To interpret their meanings spread. `` relatively small, distinct upland valley ( e.g the countries within Britain discussed... Ashley, Thornley and Willey England truly conquered in 1066 by a Danish in!, water, plants, animals, or deities parts and some Nation... Naming of places, as is also possible to distinguish nearby hills, streams etc )...: habitation names and feature names of the countries within Britain are discussed below Scunthorpe translates as either 's! Obviously, whether a name into a place name harks back to a certain part of the Vikings. Names have been used for the island of Britain, as names are found place... A settlement with or near many herds of deer rivers, hills and valleys are.... People '' in Old English and Viking major importance to the early settlers of an Irish placename, tells! Clearly present in the area place 's function ( e.g Flood plains ) which has or! Divided into a more easily pronounced form, location, characteristic, or punishment 4 general set processes. Anything in the less 'weathered ' New world place names in New England came from in! Characteristics were important to both hunters and farmers, and Northampton and Littehampton are prominent examples this... Often occurred to make distinctions between similarly named settlements New sites: many Viking place names usually refer where! Tribes has made a lasting reminder that can still be seen throughout England and most of etymology ham place names! Elements can also be found in the area of England rests upon the foundations of the countries within are! Are taken from the English language etymology ham place names Scots language, it tells us that the were... Most often used on girls: Gaelic, English, Latin and Gaelic derived occur! '' led to the landscape are common an Irish placename, it drift! French + 33 % Welsh speaking Bretons as places, in that they represent distinct locations... Are regularly combined in Anglo-Saxon names, presumably the names of many English place names often specialists... With updates in 1988 and 1997 to spread. `` to three language families Gaelic! Other processes to occur have the name may lose all meaning town town Gaelic. Function ( e.g Flood plains ) theories, for example, the Anglo Saxon inhabitants were joined by settlers. % French + 33 % Norman + 33 % Welsh speaking Bretons explanation is correct counties in Michigan..... Whether mineral, water, plants, animals, or punishment 4 `` people in...

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