It is commonly used in this sense in the Scriptures. Commentary on Isaiah 6 (Isaiah’s Commission) April 20, 2016 Bill Pratt Leave a comment. (1-2) What Isaiah saw. 8 Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? John Trapp Complete Commentary. Isaiah 6:10 Hebrew; Septuagint ‘You will be ever hearing, but never understanding; / you will be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’ / 10 This people’s heart has become calloused; / they hardly hear with their ears, / and they have closed their eyes In both cases, Moses" commission and Isaiah"s, God was not ruling out the possibility of repentance from the start. (1) That the effect of truth is often to irritate people and make them more wicked. Which at times they would not, now they shall not; but having made a match with mischief, they shall henceforth have enough of it; they "love to have it so"; [Jeremiah 5:31] they "forsake their own mercies"; [Jonah 2:8] they are miserable by their own election. Introduction. Isaiah 8:6 Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah’s son; Ver. His prophecy is not responsible for results produced by the hardness of the people to whom it is delivered. This making of their hearts fat, is here ascribed to the prophet, as it is ascribed to God in the repetition of this prophecy, John 12:40, because God inflicted this judgment upon them by the ministry of the prophet, partly by way of prediction, foretelling that this would be the effect of his preaching; and partly by withdrawing the light and help of his Spirit. Shut their eyes, Heb. But in the first place, we must understand what he means by the word healing; for he uses it in reference to the chastisements which had been inflicted on the people on account of their sins. And Ezekiel says, "When I came to destroy the city," that is, as it is rendered in the margin of our version, "when I came to prophesy that the city should be destroyed;" Ezekiel 43:3. (Calmet) --- He intimates that all the graces offered would be rendered useless by the hardened Jews. Isaiah 58:6 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? It denotes here the state of mind which is more and more indisposed to attend to the truth. Lest depends upon heavy. And be healed - Be restored from the malady of sin; be recovered and pardoned. To hear, and not understand; to see, and not perceive; is a common saying in many languages. The whole blame of the evil is laid on the people for rejecting the amazing kindness of God; and hence is obtained a more complete solution of that difficulty to which we formerly adverted. In Matthew 13:15 the words are quoted in the indicative, is waxed gross, (so the Septuagint), not the imperative, make fat: God's word as to the future is as certain as if it were already fulfilled. God told Moses before he went to Pharaoh with the Lord"s message that the Egyptian king would harden his heart ( Exodus 3:19). In both cases, too, those who heard God"s Word had the opportunity and the ability to respond to it positively, but they chose to respond negatively. "These things Isaiah said, because he saw His glory, and he spoke of Him" (, ". The success of our ministry should not be our prime motivation to continue in the work of the gospel. Here Isaiah is directed to cause results which will doubtless take place, but are not necessary effects of his action. For the ethical fact, as well as for the phrase, we may (with Cheyne) compare Shakespeareâ. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Old Testament (I. Christ as Fulfilment of). John quotes this passage as a clear demonstration of the stubbornness of the Jews. They shall be healed. to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke? And this seems best to agree with the following words. Now, however ungodly men may bark against us with their reproaches, that our doctrine ought to bear the blame, because the world is made worse by the preaching of it, they gain nothing at all, and take nothing away from the authority of the doctrine; for they must at the same time condemn God himself and the whole of his doctrine. Isaiah 20 Isaiah 22 Isaiah 21:6-10 New King James Version (NKJV) 6 For thus has the Lord said to me: “Go, set a watchman, Let him declare what he sees.” 7 And he saw a chariot with a pair of horsemen, A chariot of donkeys, and a chariot of camels, And he listened earnestly with great care. The Evangelist applies to the Gospel what had already taken place under the law, and at the same time shows that the Jews were deprived of reason and understanding, because they were rebels against God. The Israelites in Isaiah"s day had already hardened their hearts against the Lord, and His retributive judgment on them had already begun when Isaiah received his commission. "return" In the OT this term (BDB 996, KB 1427, Qal PERFECT with waw) means "a change of action." to prepare a sumptuous, Julia-Childs-worthy meal. 10. This is a truly remarkable declaration; not only because Isaiah here foretold what was afterwards fulfilled under the reign of Christ, but also because it contains a most useful doctrine, which will be of perpetual use in the Church of God; for all who shall labor faithfully in the ministry of the word will be laid under the necessity of meeting with the same result. --- Hebrew may be, "surely they will not see," &c. (Calmet). The commission which the prophet received, reads as though it were quite irreconcilable with the fact that God, as the Good, can only will what is good. However, from the human viewpoint, Pharaoh had the freedom to choose to submit to God or resist. This is an accidental effect of the word preached, and proceedeth from men’s corruptions. Isaiah’s Commission. And shut their eyes - The word used here means "to spread over," and then to close. daub their eyes, as the word is used also Isaiah 44:18. “Make the heart of this people fat,” etc. A.). The prophets are in other places said to perform the thing which they only foretell: -. It is right that the treachery and unbelief of men should be punished by meeting death where they might have received life, darkness where they might have had light; and, in short, evils as numerous as the blessings of salvation which they might have obtained. Neither is there any the least injustice in such a proceeding. From the divine viewpoint, God had raised Pharaoh up to demonstrate His sovereignty and power in liberating the Israelites. Yet the Prophet shows, a little before, that the blame of this blindness lies with the people; for when he bids them hear, he bears witness that the doctrine is fitted for instructing the people, if they choose to submit to it; that light is given to guide them, if they will but open their eyes. We ought also to attend to this circumstance, that Isaiah was not sent to men indiscriminately, but to the Jews. We cannot do everything we want to do. Isaiah could do no more. We ought, indeed, to be deeply grieved when success does not attend our exertions; and we ought to pray to God to give efficacy to his word. The expression ל רפא is used in every other instance in a transitive sense, "to heal a person or a disease," and never in the sense of becoming well or being healed; but in the present instance it acquires a passive sense from the so-called impersonal construction (Ges. Is not this the fast that I have chosen?] Now, Christ is not separate from his Spirit, and therefore Paul had good reason for applying this passage to the Holy Spirit; for although God exhibited to the Prophet the lively image of himself in Christ, still it is certain that whatever he communicated was wholly breathed into him by the power of the Holy Spirit. Isaiah 27 Chapter 26 This chapter is a song of holy joy and praise, in which the great things God had engaged, in the foregoing chapter, to do for his people against his enemies and their enemies are celebrated: it is prepared to be sung when that prophecy should be accomplished; for we must be forward to meet God with our thanksgivings when he is coming towards us with his mercies. So the poets of Greece, in their thoughts as to the Divine government of the world, recognised the truth that there is a judicial blindness and, as it were, insanity of will that comes as the consequence of sinful deeds ( Ãsch. Lord--here Adonai, Jehovah in Isaiah 6:5; Jesus Christ is meant as speaking in Isaiah 6:10, according to John 12:41. Then said I, Here am I; send me. Isaiah 6 – Isaiah’s Conviction, Cleansing and Call A. 3.) His prophecy is not responsible for results produced by the hardness of the people to whom it is delivered. Those, however, whom God did not ordain to life eternal, He passed by and for their sin ordained to dishonor and wrath." 'Proclaim truths, the result of which proclamation will be their becoming the more hardened' (Romans 1:28; Ephesians 4:18); but this does not so well as the former set forth God as designedly giving up sinners to judicial hardening (Romans 11:8; 2 Thessalonians 2:11). Solemnly quoted in three great dispensational crises: (1) By Christ (Matthew 13:14), as coming from Jehovah on the day a council was held "to destroy Him". Make, &c. = Declare or foretell that the heart of this People will be fat. "The elect are not saved because they are creatures of light; they too were creatures of darkness and in them there was no goodness, nothing that would attract the light. Bible commentary on the Book of Isaiah, chapter 6, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. Acts 28:26, Acts 28:27. This making of their hearts fat is here ascribed to the prophet, as it is ascribed to God in the repetition of this prophecy, John 12:40, because God inflicted this judgment upon them by the ministry of the prophet, partly by way of prediction, foretelling that this would be the effect of his preaching; and partly by way of judicial operation, withdrawing the light and help of his Spirit, and giving them up to the power and arts of Satan, and to their own mistakes and lusts, whereby they are easily and commonly led to turn God’s word, as they do other things, into occasions of sin. Footnotes. NASB E-Prime R.S.V. In chapters 1-5, Isaiah uses harsh words to speak of Judah’s wickedness. 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