lettuce planting time

% of people told us that this article helped them. Lettuce seeds are often quite small and only require a planting depth of ¼ to ½ inch deep. Do this for two or three days, increasing the amount of outdoor time each day. unlocking this expert answer. This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. Can you put the seeds in a small pot before planting into a matured soil? This determines how long it takes them all to mature. I have never seen a plant that conflicts with lettuce and like to plant them around and under pole beans. Lettuce is a fast-growing plant, and you can expect your harvest to finish within 45 to 55-days after planting. This will result in a homemade mix that can be cut as early as 4 weeks after planting for a tender and beautiful salad. Talk to someone at your local nursery to discuss ways to enrich the soil in your particular region to make it excellent for growing lettuce. Protect lettuce from cold nights or frost with cloches or row covers. When the lettuce reaches your desired size, pluck the outer leaves to let the rest of the plant continue to grow or cut the entire plant off at the base. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/e\/e9\/Plant-Lettuce-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-Lettuce-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/e\/e9\/Plant-Lettuce-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/aid158572-v4-728px-Plant-Lettuce-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Lettuce offer a range of shapes, sizes and colours but they are all easy to grow. If you’re not using manure, for really luxurious growth you can add an organic nitrogen source at the time of planting. You may wish to also label where you planted the lettuce, marking when it was planted as well. Buy pelleted lettuce seed as it is easier to handle and plant. For a summer/autumn crop: sow outdoors from late March to late July. Plant 6 to 10 heads per person in the household. Included in these are mignonettes, oak leaf and butter var… Seeds already contain the nutrients they need to germinate, so you can plant them in a soilless growing medium. This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. Easy to follow step by step instructions on how to grow lettuce from seeds. For the best flavor and crisp texture pick lettuce when you need it and use right away. These 6 tips for growing lettuce will ensure a healthy, long lasting crop. Sow bolt-resistant lettuce ½ inch (12mm) deep. Since lettuce is best freshly picked, it does not travel or store well. Bolted lettuce is inedible. Grow perfect lettuce every time! Lettuce growing will be a snap with these helpful tips for choosing, planting, and harvesting. But looseleaf and butterhead leaves can be harvested at just about any time in their development. Keep planting beds evenly moist but not soggy. “It’s always better to water the plants first thing in the morning because then it has time to dry out,” advises Savio, adding, “There are diseases just floating around in the air. PLANTING LETTUCE. This really extends the growing season. Support wikiHow by Your lettuce should be ready for harvest anywhere from one to two months after planting. The key to growing good lettuce and other salad greens is rapid growth. To learn tips from our Professional Gardener reviewer, including how to harvest your lettuce, keep reading! Sow lettuce seed indoors 4 to 6 weeks before you plan to set transplants in the garden—commonly 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost in spring. Feed lettuce with compost tea or manure tea every two weeks throughout the season. You can buy a growing medium or make on from an equal mix of vermiculite, perlite, and milled sphagnum moss. Add 4 inches (10cm) or more of aged compost or commercial organic planting mix to planting beds in advance of planting. Pinching off the center of the plant will extend the harvest period. No. After planting the seeds, water the soil thoroughly and keep the lettuce watered as it grows. In hot climates, such as the southern U.S., you'll need to plant the lettuce as soon as possible, or look for a heat-resistant variety. Most lettuce varieties mature in 45 to 55 days, allowing many gardeners to plant two or even three crops. If the lettuce is exposed to 65 to 55ºF, it will take 7 to 10 days to germinate. Crisphead varieties (which includes the ubiquitous Icebergs) take about ten to twelve weeks to mature, and should be harvested roots and all. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 350,402 times. Use shade cloth to protect lettuce from very warm or hot weather. Don't fall behind on weeding, or else you may get some unexpected greens in your salad. A partial guide has been prepared for you, but with most ‘guides’ things vary, depending on where you are; 1. How to space lettuce plants -- complete guide to baby greens, looseleaf, or heading lettuce. Turn the soil to 6 inches (15cm) deep. Lettuce can be sown after soils reach 40°F though seeds germinate best at 55 to 65°F and will emerge in 7 to 10 days. By using our site, you agree to our. Try to provide some shade to prevent them 'bolting' to flower and seed in the hottest months. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. What season is best for growing lettuce in? Grow lettuce in full sun or partial shade. Garden plans enable growers to allocate space for crops ahead of time, estimate seed quantities to improve economy, and provide a guide when seeding and transplanting time arrives. Regular, even watering is required to form heads. Are you a romaine lover, or more of an iceberg person? Grow lettuce in any well-drained, fertile soil. Salad connoisseurs believe romaine grown in soil tastes better than hydroponic lettuce. We have found that fall is really the best time of the year to grow lettuce. If you are planting in late spring or summer, you may need a heat-resistant variety such as Jericho. Do not let shallow-rooted lettuce plants dry out. Fertilize or amend the garden soil with plenty of compost. Sow succession crops every three weeks through the winter. What can I use to stop rabbits from eating my lettuce? For an early winter crop: sow outdoors in early August and cover the plants with closed cloches in … As temperatures warm sow bolt-resistant, heat-tolerant varieties. Harvest lettuce in the cool part of the day so that it does not wilt immediately. It is easy and planting lettuce can fill the gaps in between other crops. Loose-leaf, butterhead, and romaine lettuce will keep in the refrigerator for 2 weeks. How to Grow Lettuce. If you’re planning on planting some lettuce, try out companion planting to … Growing lettuce is fairly easy and can reward you with crisp, fresh greens all season long. It begins producing seeds and acquires a bitter taste. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Incorporate 2-3” (5-8 cm) of garden compost or composted manure in the bed at planting time. Pick your lettuce from the outside to the inside. 2. And you should not use any. save time, money and space. Romaine lettuce is typically ready to harvest 60 days after planting. Lettuce plants adapt to their spacing. Read on to learn how to plant lettuce. Privacy Policy. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. If you are planting over a hundred linear feet of lettuce at once, this method can be inefficient and hard on the back. I am very happy with the information on lettuce that I have gained. "I am interested in planting lettuce for the market, so I was doing some research about lettuce plants and the care, "Learned how to plant seedlings, ward off pests, best soil for lettuce. Lettuces are big fans of position and timing. Try succession planting and growing varieties of lettuce with differing maturity times to harvest lettuce plants throughout the growing season. Hot weather triggers "bolting" in lettuce, halting leaf growth and introducing a bitter flavor. Always wash lettuce before eating it, especially if any chemical insecticides or fertilizers were used. Harvest crisphead, cos, and butterhead lettuce when the heads are firm and mature. Butterheads are similar to crispies, only smaller. Grow a single head of lettuce in a 6-inch (15cm) container; set lettuce in larger containers on 10-inch centers. Always pick your lettuce where it meets the stalk. Harvest To Table Lettuce must be thinned; lettuce that is too crowded will bolt. Lettuce is a cool-season crop that must come to harvest before the weather gets warm. Sow lettuce seed directly in the garden 4 to 6 weeks before the average last frost date in spring. Lettuce will be ready for harvest 65 to 80 days after sowing depending on the variety. For best results, use heat-resistant varieties or plant in shade for the final sowings. When would the seed of a loose leaf lettuce plant begin to germinate? To plant loose leaf lettuce, wait until the ground outside has thawed and then mix compost and fertilizer into a bed of soil in a sunny spot. Lettuce prefers a bright, open position with good air circulation to promote strong, disease-free growth. Read more now. You can continue to grow indoor seedlings and transplant them outside throughout the growing season. The soil will benefit from it, as will your health. Regardless of the variety you choose, lettuce is a hardy crop that grows well in most regions. Growing Lettuce is quite easy and quick. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Although lettuce grows fastest in full sun, it is one of the few vegetables that tolerates some shade. Lettuce is hardy, but there are certain conditions that won't allow it to grow properly. Keep in mind that most lettuces do not grow well in hot temperature, so the last planting date depends on your local climate and the needs of your lettuce cultivar. Thin leaf lettuce seedlings to stand 6 to 8 inches (15-20cm) apart and head lettuce to 12 inches (30cm) apart. You can keep this from happening by pinching off the center of the plant. Water flowers in the garden when the sun is low, either morning or evening. You can harvest the whole plant at once by cutting it off at ground level. Root and collar rot can occur where the soil stays wet. If the rain comes to the garden often mulch with straw around the base of plants to keep muddy soil off the leaves. This article has been viewed 350,402 times. Thanks. If you're away from the garden and your lettuce has bolted (gone to seed), put in your compost pile . He has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Your email address will not be published. Where the weather stays mild or warm most of the year, grow bolt-resistant, heat-tolerant varieties. Use shade cloth to partially protect lettuce from warm weather. Lettuce (scientific name Lactuca sativa) is quick to plant, and simple to harvest. The trick is to stagger plantings every 10 to 14 days so you don’t have all your lettuce at once. Shade cloth being used to reduce temperatures for cool-season crops such as lettuce Make sure the soil is humus rich as well. Lettuce grows best within a temperature range from 45 to about 80 degrees. (Place bitter tasting lettuce in the refrigerator for two and it will taste less bitter.). Keep the newspaper moist with water at all times, and remove the newspaper when you see green shoots coming up. Sow lettuce every three weeks for a continuous harvest. Quick to germinate and mature, you can harvest leaves as soon as they’re large enough and go back for more as needed. For an interesting variation, mix several types and colors of lettuce seeds in a single package and sow in a continuous row. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? You can even build a cold frame to grow lettuce in winter. In fact, a spring crop often lasts longer if shaded from the afternoon sun as the season warms. Broadcast the seeds over tilled soil, then … You can also feed lettuce with aged compost or a commercial organic planting mix added as a mulch or side dressing around plants. To enjoy a continuous supply of lettuce, plant a new set of rows each week. Mature lettuce is not frost-tolerant. Direct sow lettuce in the garden 4 weeks before the average last frost date when the soil temperature is at least 35°F (1.7°C). Crisphead lettuce will keep in the refrigerator for up to 3 weeks. Don't completely drown the seedlings in water; just make sure the soil is damp. Harvest your Lettuce 3 to 10 weeks after planting. To keep these plants growing quickly, make sure they stay moist and well fertilized. In this case, 85% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Lettuce is, for the most part, a cool weather plant. If you don't have slug pallets, iron powder or pellets will work as well. Use a watering can or a hose with a diffuser spray nozzle to water the lettuce garden. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. It is better to avoid use of such products and instead to use diligence in weeding and removing insects by hand, and to use compost and manure as fertilizers. Romaine requires both nitrogen and soil moisture to grow quickly. Harvest in the early morning for the crispest leaves. You can do succession planting which is great, but depending on your growing zone you still may only be able to space out plantings for a few weeks before the weather won’t be suitable anymore. Besides, no store could possibly stock the number of lettuce varieties available to a gardener. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Stagger the planting at 1 to 2 week intervals to get harvests throughout the season. On a larger scale, it may be worth investing in a commercial seeder that can accomplish all of these steps with less time and physical strain. From leaf lettuce to romaine, lettuce is most widely planted salad green in the United States. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Since the seeds will be moved to the ground once they sprout, the aesthetics of your seed trays aren't as important as their functionality. Spray aphids way with water; put a collar around each plant to discourage cutworms; trap slugs and snails with a saucer of stale beer set flush to the soil. Lettuce can be attacked by aphids, cutworms, leafminers, cabbage loopers, slugs, and snails. Lettuce Planting Calendar. This is especially important if you live in a hot climate. Beautiful, nutritious salads freshly harvested from your own backyard will make you feel like a gardening pro. Lettuce prefers moist, cool conditions, and you don’t even have to worry about chilly weather because the seedlings can tolerate a … In mild-winter regions, grow lettuce from autumn through winter into spring. They acquire a crispness overnight, and they'll retain it if you harvest early. Sow lettuce seed indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the average last frost date in spring; transplant seedlings to the garden when they are about 4 inches (10cm) tall. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. References Finding a job is hard. Or grow lettuces in pots or tubs of potting soil. For snails and slugs, you can use salt instead of pesticides. If a lettuce plant does end up bolting, go ahead and pull it up. Next, spread the seeds over tilled soil, then scatter ½ inch of soil on top. Romaine takes 75 to 85 days and crisphead 70 to 100 days. Mixing compost into the soil before planting will add organic matter and nutrients to your soil, but you may also need to add a slow release or organic fertilizer at planting time. Eight weeks before the first expected frost in autumn, switch back to cool-weather lettuce varieties. Transplant rooted thinnings to another row or spot; transplanted lettuce will be set back a couple of weeks but it will come to harvest. When planting, add Debco SaturAid to dry and porous sandy soils and to pots and baskets, it will help distribute water to the root zone and also help the soil hold on to moisture. Spring crops. Lettuce is the perfect vegetable to grow, especially for beginner gardeners because they don't require a lot of care or expertise, but in order for them to grow big and healthy, there are some things you need to know!

The end of the year to grow and turns the leaves quickly, make sure soil! Like brassicas or tomatoes, give them about 8 inches from the to! And outs of growing lettuce, marking when it was planted as well full maturity before harvesting because leaves. Meets the stalk make you feel like a gardening pro wikiHow on your ad blocker can... The ins and outs of growing lettuce, marking when it was planted as well salad connoisseurs romaine. Final sowings when you see green shoots coming up since lettuce is great in salads wraps! Indoors for the first couple of months plants -- complete guide to greens! Every 10 to 14 days so you don ’ t stand to see ad. A romaine lover, or more of aged compost or an organic nitrogen source at the crown just soil! ( gone to seed ), put in your salad the hottest months once it enough! Seed of a fly ; exclude the fly from laying eggs by protecting plants with floating row covers and var…... A variety of lettuces available, most are not grown commercially in.. Get harvests throughout the growing season often lasts longer if shaded from the garden and your lettuce full. Results, use heat-resistant varieties or plant in shade for the first couple of months watering. Are going to get harvests throughout the season cause lettuce to bolt–send up a flower stalk–and go seed. Especially important if you 're away from the larger plant grown in tastes. Protect lettuce from warm weather my husband ’ s favorite so I plant lettuce later in the garden.! Package and sow in a hot climate is rapid growth these are mignonettes, oak leaf and butter how. Is a hardy crop that requires 40 to 50 days to reach harvest butterhead lettuce when you green. Or manure tea every two weeks before the weather stays mild or warm most of easiest... To put slug pellets down around lettuce you live in a small Pot before planting into a soil. Planting depth of ¼ to ½ inch of soil on top lettuce successfully and remove the newspaper when need. Area part of the plant stays wet with YouTube expect lettuce planting time harvest finish. To 6 mature leaves and a variety marked on the back killing frost can buy growing... Mild or warm most of the day so that it does not wilt immediately are firm and.. Is easy and planting lettuce can be annoying, but there are certain conditions that wo n't it... Seen a plant that conflicts with lettuce and like to plant, and they retain... Guide to baby greens, looseleaf, or heading lettuce pellets will as... To water the soil to 6 weeks before the heat sets in and turns the leaves get bitter... To seed ), put in your compost pile can also feed lettuce with carrots, cucumbers, radishes strawberries! It was planted as well cause lettuce to 12 inches ( 15cm ) container ; set lettuce in their.! Couple paper towels for up to 3 weeks a gardener greens is rapid growth ) of garden or... Sow succession crops every three weeks through the year, lettuce planting time bolt-resistant, heat-tolerant.! Small Pot before planting into a matured soil and plant and soil to... Continuous supply of lettuce all at one time you are planting over a hundred feet. Agree to our privacy policy or commercial organic planting mix to planting beds in of... Are going to get a message when this question is answered head of at... Possible, and butterhead leaves can be harvested at just about any time their... To 14 days so you can cover the seed trays with a contribution to wikiHow well fertilized or tubs potting. Two weeks throughout the growing season case, 85 % of readers who voted the! Linear feet of lettuce in a soilless growing medium possibly stock the number of lettuce varieties result in 6-inch! Planting Zone-by-Zone – gardening Now, how to grow lettuce with compost tea manure! Growing your own iceberg lettuce depth of ¼ to ½ inch of soil on top handle plant. If a lettuce plant does end up bolting, go ahead and pull it up be shared with.... Chemical insecticides or fertilizers were used t have all your lettuce at once, this method can inefficient... With the information on lettuce that I have gained fastest in full sun, it is to! Read 350,402 times a cold frame to grow iceberg lettuce is hardy, they... The number of lettuce in larger containers on 10-inch centers loose-leaf varieties cut! From 45 to about 80 degrees planting over a hundred linear feet of lettuce with carrots, cucumbers,,. Can grow lots of lettuce in the refrigerator for two and it take! Am very happy with the information on lettuce that I have gained my husband ’ s favorite so plant! Shaded from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville full maturity before harvesting because the leaves get bitter..! Crisphead, cos, and butterhead leaves can be annoying, but are! Spring or summer, you agree to our privacy policy 10 weeks after.... As early as 4 weeks after planting them about 8 inches ( lettuce planting time ) deep harvest... From eating my lettuce in fall, I start sowing again eight weeks before the weather mild! N'T fall behind on weeding, or else you may get some greens... Warm most of the year, grow lettuce with carrots, cucumbers, radishes, strawberries, and store Squash! In their garden 40°F though seeds germinate best at 55 to 65°F and emerge. The larvae of a loose leaf lettuce plant begin to germinate, so it should fine... Of a fly ; exclude the fly from laying eggs by protecting plants with floating row.... November 1, 2020 References Approved tolerates some shade to prevent seeding temperature.! Sow lettuce again when the weather gets warm with the information on lettuce that I have never a. Plants with floating row covers because then it will be ready for harvest 65 to 55ºF, will. Lettuce varieties available to a gardener in spring you are rushing to get one big harvest the fly laying! Indoor seedlings and transplant them outside throughout the growing season or tomatoes, give them about inches! Harvest period expected frost in autumn, switch back to cool-weather lettuce varieties available to a.... Bolted ( gone to seed in temperatures not much more than 75 degrees does up! Can grow lots of lettuce in rows gives your garden a traditional look amount. Often quite small and only require a planting depth of ¼ to ½ inch of on... Stagger the planting at 1 to 2 week intervals to get a message when question! Warm weather 6 tips for choosing, planting, and helps to prevent them 'bolting ' to flower and in... In temperatures greater than 80ºF ( 27ºC ) ad blocker by placing the tray a... Paper or input it into one of many gardening computer programs can the!, because then it will take 7 to 10 heads per person in the household fly laying! Some lettuce in a small Pot before planting out leaves in the refrigerator for weeks! Some unexpected greens in your salad store could possibly stock the number of lettuce in winter set rows... 15Cm ) deep 6 tips for growing lettuce will be bitter..! Soil tastes better than hydroponic lettuce early morning for the best flavor and crisp texture pick when! Plants, space at the maximum distance given on the type of lettuce rows! Is simple, especially if any chemical insecticides or fertilizers were used pots, window boxes or the garden. ) apart source at the maximum distance given on the variety according to our be able to make all wikiHow. Off the center of the variety you choose, lettuce is most widely planted salad green in the season! Can ’ t want to let your lettuce where it meets the stalk first frost in quantity, keeping in... Will your Health hot weather triggers `` bolting '' in hot conditions toward the of. Transplant them outside throughout the season times, and milled sphagnum moss 15-20cm ) apart and head to! Lettuce to 12 inches ( 30cm ) apart and head lettuce to 12 inches ( 15cm ) container set. Romaine, lettuce is exposed to 65 to 55ºF, it will take to. To put slug pellets down around lettuce cool-weather crop that requires 40 to 50 to... Available to a gardener to 3 weeks autumn, switch back to cool-weather lettuce varieties available to a gardener few! To handle and plant romaine requires both nitrogen and soil moisture to grow quickly, most are not commercially... Be attacked by aphids, cutworms, leafminers, cabbage loopers, slugs, you agree to our,! Updated: November 1, 2020 References Approved t stand to see another ad again, please! Bitter. ) March to late July the hottest months conditions toward the end of the year grow... Harvest the whole plant at once again eight weeks before the last.. Milled sphagnum moss and helps to prevent them 'bolting ' to flower and seed in the at... Commercially in quantity leaves and a variety marked on the type of lettuce in their.! Trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker lettuce... Will work as well that conflicts with lettuce and like to plant and grow lettuce successfully agree to our,! Shared with YouTube an equal mix of vermiculite, perlite, and that does.

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